Here you will find references about the prehistory, archaeology, and anthropology of Marajo Island
and the Amazon Basin.

BALÉE, WILLIAM. 1989. "The culture of Amazonian forests," in Resource Management in Amazonia:
              indigenous and folk strategies. Advances in Economic Botany vol. 7. Edited by W. Balée, pp. 1-21.
              New York: New York Botanical Garden.

_____ . 1993. "Biodiversidade e os índios amazônicos," in Amazônia: etnologia e história indígena.
              Edited by M. C. Cunha, pp. 385-393. São Paulo: NHII-USP-FAPESP.

BOOMERT, A. 1987. "Gifts of the Amazons: "Greenstone" pendants and beads as items of ceremonial
             exchange in Amazonia". Antropologica 67:33-54.

CARNEIRO, ROBERT L. 1995. "The History of Ecological Interpretations of Amazonia: Does Roosevelt
             Have it Right?," in Indigenous Peoples and the Future of Amazonia. Edited by L. E. Sponsel, pp.
             45-70. Tucson & London: The University of Arizona Press.

CARVALHO, SILVIA M. S. DE. 1975. "O duplo jacaré (a cerâmica Marajoara)". Perspectivas 1:13-34.

COLSON, A. B. 1985. "Routes of knowledge: as aspect of regional integration in the circum-Roraima
             area of the Guiana highlands". Antropologica 63:103-149.

             and settlement reoccupation in lowland South America". Latin American Antiquity 7:263-278.

_____ . 2001. "In quest of prehistoric Amazonia". Latin American Antiquity 12(3):326-327.

DENEVAN, WILLIAM. 1976. "The aboriginal population of Amazonia," in The native populations of
             the Americas before 1492. Edited by W. Denevan. Madison: University of Winscosin Press.

_____ . 2001. Cultivated landscapes of Native Amazonia and the Andes: triumph over the soil.
             Oxford geographical and environmental studies. Oxford, UK New York: Oxford University Press.

DERBY, ORVILLE. 1879. "The artificial mounds of the Island of Marajo". American Naturalist 13:224-229.

_____ . 1898. "A Ilha de Marajó". Revista do Instituto Histórico, Geográfico, Ethnográfico do Pará 2:163-73.

ERICKSON, CLARK L. 2000. "An artificial landscape-scale fishery in the Bolivian Amazon".
          Nature 408:190-193.

EVANS, CLIFFORD, AND BETTY JANE MEGGERS. 1965. Guia para prospecção arqueológica
          no Brasil. Guias n. 2. Belém: CNPq, INPA, MPEG.

FARABEE, WILLIAM CURTIS. 1921. "Explorations at the Mouth of the Amazon".
          Museum Journal 12:142-161.

FAUSTO, CARLOS. 2000. Os índios antes do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar.

FERREIRA PENNA, DOMINGOS SOARES. 1877. "Apontamentos sobre os cerâmios do Pará". Archivos
             do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro 2:47-67.

_____ . 1885. "Índios de Marajó". Archivos do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro 6:108-115.

FIGUEIREDO, NAPOLEÃO, AND MÁRIO F. SIMÕES. 1963. "Contribuição à arqueologia da fase
             Marajoara". Revista do Museu Paulista N.S. 14:455-65.

           "The perception of ecological zones and natural resources in the Brazilian Amazon:
           an ethnoecology of lake Coari". Advances in Economic Botany 7:260-282.

HARTT, CHARLES FREDERICK. 1871. "The Ancient Indian Pottery of Marajo, Brazil." American
             Naturalist 5(5):259-271.

HECKENBERGER, MICHAEL J. 1999. "O enigma das grandes cidades. Corpo privado e Estado na
             Amazônia," in A outra margem do Ocidente (Brasil 500 anos:experiência e destino). Edited by A.
             Novaes, pp. 125-52. São Paulo: Cia. das Letras.

             size and permanence in Amazonia: Two archaeological examples from Brazil". Latin American
             Antiquity 10:353-376.

_____ . 2001. "Of lost civilizations and primitive tribes, Amazonia: Reply to Meggers". Latin American
               Antiquity 12(3):328-333.

HILBERT, PETER PAUL. 1952. "Contribuição à arqueologia da Ilha de Marajó. Os tesos Marajoaras do
             alto Camutins e a atual situação da Ilha do Pacoval, no Arari". Instituto de Antropologia e Etnologia
             do Pará 5:5-32.

LATHRAP, DONALD W. 1973. "The antiquity and importance of long-distance trade relationship in the
             moist tropics of pre-Columbian South America". World Archaeology 5:170-186.

LIMA, TÂNIA ANDRADE. 1986. "Cerâmica indígena brasileira," in Suma etnológica brasileira, vol. 2
             Tecnologia indígena. Edited by B. G. Ribeiro, pp. 173-229. Petrópolis: Vozes/ Finep.

LOPES, PAULO R. C. 1999. A colonização Portuguesa da Ilha de Marajó: espaço e contexto
             arqueológico-histórico na Missão Religiosa de Joanes. Dissertação de Mestrado, Pontifícia
             Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul.

MAGALIS, JOANNE EVELYN. 1975. A seriation of some Marajoara painted anthropomorphic urns.
             Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois.

             Amazon. Nature in culture in ancient Brazil. London: British Museum Press.

MEGGERS, BETTY J. 1977. Amazônia. A Ilusão de um Paraíso. Rio: Civilização Brasileira.

_____ . 1985. "Advances in Brazilian archaeology, 1935-1985". American Antiquity 50(2):364-373.

_____ . 2001. "The continuing quest for El Dorado: Round two". Latin American Antiquity 12(3):304-325.

MEGGERS, BETTY J., AND J. DANON. 1988. "Identification and implications of a hiatus in the
             archeological sequence on Marajo Island, Brazil". Journal of Washington Academy of
             Sciences 78(3):245-53.

MEGGERS, BETTY J., AND CLIFFORD EVANS. 1954. Uma interpretação das culturas da Ilha de
             Marajó. Instituto de Antropologia e Etnologia do Pará 7.

_____ . 1957. Archeological investigations at the mouth of the Amazon. Washington,: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.

MORÁN, EMILIO F. 1995. "Disaggregating Amazonia. A strategy for understanding biological and cultural
             diversity," in Indigenous People and the Future of Amazonia. Edited by L. E. Sponsel, pp. 71-95.
             Tucson and London: The University of Arizona Press.

MYERS, THOMAS P. 1981. "Aboriginal trade networks in Amazonia," in Networks of the past. Edited by
             F. Kense, pp. 19-30. Calgary: University of Calgary Archaeological Association.

NETO, MIRANDA. 1993. Marajó: desafio da Amazônia. Belém: Cejup.

NEVES, EDUARDO G. 1999. "Changing perspectives in Amazonian archaeology," in Archaeology in Latin
             America. Edited by B. Alberti, pp. 216-43. London: Routledge.

PALMATARY, HELEN C. 1950. "The pottery of Marajo Island, Brazil". Transactions of the American
             Philosophical Society 39(3).

PEREIRA, EDITHE. 2001. "Testimony in stone: rock art in the Amazon," in Unknown Amazon. Culture in
             nature in ancient Brazil. Edited by E. Neves. London: The British Museum Press.

             from the past: Terra Preta and prehistoric Amerindian occupation in Amazonia," in The unknown
             Amazon. Edited by E. G. Neves, pp. In press. London: British Museum Press.

POLITIS, GUSTAVO. 1999. "Introduction. Latin American archaeology: an inside view," in Archaeology in
             Latin America. Edited by B. Alberti, pp. 1-13. London: Routledge.

PORRO, ANTONIO. 1994. "Social organization and political power in the Amazon floodplain: the
             ethnohistorical sources," in Amazonian indians from prehistory to the present: Anthropological
             perspectives. Edited by A. C. Roosevelt, pp. 79-94. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

POSEY, D. A., AND W. BALÉE. Editors. 1989. "Resource management in Amazonia: Indigenous and folk
             strategies". Advances in Economic Botany vol.7. New York: New York Botanical Garden.

RAYMOND, J. SCOTT. 1995. "From potsherds to pots: a first step in constructing cultural context from
             tropical forest archaeology," in Archaeology in the lowland american tropics. Current analytical
             methods and applications. Edited by P. W. Stahl, pp. 224-42. Cambridge: Cambridge University

ROOSEVELT, ANNA C. 1980. Parmana : Prehistoric maize and manioc subsistence along the Amazon
             and Orinoco. New York: Academic Press.

_____ . 1988. "Interpreting certain female images in prehistoric art," in The role of gender in precolumbian
               art and architecture. Edited by V. E. Miller, pp. 1-34. Chicago: University Press of America.

_____ . 1989. "Resource management in Amazonia before the conquest: Beyond ethnographic projection,
              "in Resource Management in Amazonia: indigenous and folk strategies, vol. 7, Advances in
               Economic Botany. Edited by D. A. Posey and W. Balée, pp. 30-62. New York: The New York
               Botanical Garden.

_____ . 1991a. "Determinismo ecológico na interpretação do desenvolvimento social indígena da
               Amazônia, "in Origens, adaptações e diversidade biológica do homem nativo da Amazônia.
               Edited by W. A.  Neves, pp. 103-41. Belém, PA: MPEG/CNPq/SCT/PR.

_____ . 1991b. Moundbuilders of the Amazon : Geophysical archaeology on Marajo Island, Brazil.
               San Diego: Academic Press.

_____ . 1999. "The development of prehistoric complex societies: Amazonia: a tropical forest," in
               Complex Polities in the Ancient Tropical World. Edited by L. J. Lecero, pp. 13-33.

_____ . 2002. "Gender in human evolution: sociobiology revisited and revised," in In pursuit of gender:
               worldwide archaeological approaches. Edited by M. Rosen-Ayalon, pp. 355-376. New York:
               Altamira Press.

SCHAAN, DENISE P. 1997a. "Evidência arqueológica e organização social na Fase Marajoara". Estudos
               Ibero-Americanos XXIII(1):97-114.

_____ . 1997b. A linguagem iconográfica da cerâmica Marajoara. Um estudo da arte pré-histórica
               na Ilha de Marajó, Brasil (400-1300AD). Coleção Arqueologia n. 3. Porto Alegre: Edipucrs.

_____ . 1999. "Cultura Marajoara: história e iconografia," in Resgate da Cultura Material e Iconográfica do
               Pará, vol. I - Arte Rupestre e Cerâmica. Belém: Sebrae/MPEG.

_____ . 2000a. "Os dados inéditos do Projeto Marajó (1962-1965)". Revista do Museu de Arqueologia e
               Etnologia, São Paulo 11, in press.

_____ . 2000b. "Recent investigations on Marajoara Culture, Marajó Island, Brazil". Antiquity (74):469-70.

_____ . 2001a. "Estatuetas Marajoara: o simbolismo de identidades de gênero em uma sociedade
               complexa Amazônica". Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Série Antropologia 17(2):23-63.

_____ . 2001b. "Into the labyrinths of Marajoara pottery: status and cultural identity in an Amazonian
               complex society," in The unknown Amazon. Nature in culture in ancient Brazil. Edited by E. G.
               Neves, pp. 108-133. London: British Museum Press.

SCHAAN, DENISE P., DIRSE C. KERN, AND FRANCISCO J. FRAZÃO. 2001. "Variações em padrões de
           assentamento em dois sítios arqueológicos na Ilha de Marajó: um estudo comparativo
           em geoarqueologia." XI Congresso da Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira, Rio de Janeiro, 2001.

SIMÕES, MÁRIO F. 1967. "Resultados preliminares de uma prospecção arqueológica na região dos rios
            Goiapi e Camará (Ilha de Marajó)," in Atas do Simpósio sobre a Biota Amazônica, vol. 2.
            Edited by L. H., pp. 207-24. Belém: CNPq.

_____ . 1969. "The Castanheira site: new evidence on the antiquity and history of the Ananatuba phase
              (Marajó Island, Brazil)". American Antiquity 34(4):402-410.

_____ . 1981. "As pesquisas arqueológicas no Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (1970-1981)".
              Supl Acta Amazonica 11(1):149-165.

SIMÕES, MÁRIO F., AND FERNANDA ARAUJO-COSTA. 1978. Áreas da Amazônia Legal Brasileira
             para pesquisa e cadastro de sítios arqueológicos. Vol. 30. Publicações Avulsas do Museu Goeldi.
             Belém: CNPq/ INPA/ MPEG.

SMITH, NIGEL. 1980. "Anthrosols and human carrying capacity in Amazonia". Annals of the American
             Association of Geographers 70(4):553-566.

_____ . 1999. The Amazon river forest. A natural history of plants, animals, and people. New York, Oxford:
               Oxford University Press.

_____ . 2001. Land use dynamics in the Amazon estuary and implications for natural resource
               management. Amazoniana XVI(3/4):517-537.

             Tropical forests and their crops. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates.

TORRES, HELOISA A. "A arte indígena da Amazônia". Publicações do SPHAN n. 6. Rio de Janeiro:
             Imprensa Nacional.

VIVEIROS DE CASTRO, EDUARDO. 1996. "Images of nature and society in Amazonian ethnology".
             Annual review of anthropology 25:179-200.

WHITEHEAD, NEIL. 1994. "The ancient amerindian polities of the Amazon, the Orinoco, and the
              Atlantic Coast: a preliminary analysis of their passage from antiquity to extinction," in
              Amazonian indians from prehistory to the present: Anthropological perspectives.
              Edited by A. C. Roosevelt, pp. 33-53. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.